Thursday, March 31, 2011

China will rival the U.S.

China will rival the U.S. China is in a position to race the U.S. in terms of scientific production, probably in 2013, much earlier than expected.

That's the conclusion of research by the Royal Society, the British national science academy. Countries that create the compass, powder cartridges, paper and printing it will re-emerged with an important role globally.

An analysis of published research - one important measure of effort in science - shows the great revival of Chinese science.

The study, titled Knowledge, Networks and Nations shows challenge to the dominance that had been held by the United States, Europe and Japan.

The figures are based on papers published in journals that are recognized internationally listed by department Scopus publishers, Elsevier.

In 1996, the first year of analysis, the United States published 292,513 papers - more than 10 times the amount of paper as many as 25,474 Chinese. In 2008, total U.S. paper rose slightly to 316,317 while China increased more than seven fold to 184,080.

Previous estimates for China's rate of expansion of science shows that China is likely to surpass the U.S. in 2020.

But this study shows that the State Bamboo Curtain after removing English as the second largest producer of research in the world, can malampaui America in the next two years.

"Estimates vary, but the interpretation of data directly from Elsevier publication mentions that it could happen as soon as 2013," said the study as reported by the BBC.

Professor Sir Chris Llewellyn Smith, chairman of the report team, said he was "not surprised" by the increase was due to a very large allocation of funds from the Chinese government for research and development.

China Spending up 20% per year since 1999, and now reach $ 100 billion. And as many as 1.5 million students graduating from science and technology universities of China in 2006.

The report stressed that the results of American research absulut not be reduced and increase the likelihood of countries like Japan and France rose to rival China.

News TouchBlogger


Post a Comment


Twitter Delicious Facebook Digg Stumbleupon Favorites